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Details for First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Agricultural Crop and Horticultural Workers


Directly supervise and coordinate activities of agricultural crop or horticultural workers.


  • Assign duties such as cultivation, irrigation and harvesting of crops or plants, product packaging and grading, and equipment maintenance.
  • Confer with managers to evaluate weather and soil conditions, to develop plans and procedures, and to discuss issues such as changes in fertilizers, herbicides, or cultivating techniques.
  • Estimate labor requirements for jobs, and plan work schedules accordingly.
  • Inspect crops, fields, and plant stock to determine conditions and need for cultivating, spraying, weeding, or harvesting.
  • Issue equipment such as farm implements, machinery, ladders, or containers to workers, and collect equipment when work is complete.
  • Observe workers to detect inefficient and unsafe work procedures or to identify problems, initiating corrective action as necessary.
  • Plan and supervise infrastructure and collections maintenance functions such as planting, fertilizing, pest and weed control, and landscaping.
  • Read inventory records, customer orders, and shipping schedules to determine required activities.
  • Recruit, hire, and discharge workers.
  • Review employees' work to evaluate quality and quantity.
  • Train workers in techniques such as planting, harvesting, weeding, and insect identification, and in the use of safety measures.
  • Arrange for transportation, equipment, and living quarters for seasonal workers.
  • Contract with seasonal workers and farmers to provide employment.
  • Direct or assist with the adjustment and repair of farm equipment and machinery.
  • Drive and operate farm machinery such as trucks, tractors, or self-propelled harvesters in order to transport workers and supplies, or to cultivate and harvest fields.
  • Perform the same horticultural or agricultural duties as subordinates.
  • Inspect facilities to determine maintenance needs.
  • Investigate grievances and settle disputes to maintain harmony among workers.
  • Prepare and maintain time and payroll reports, as well as details of personnel actions such as performance evaluations, hires, promotions, and disciplinary actions.
  • Prepare reports regarding farm conditions, crop yields, machinery breakdowns, or labor problems.
  • Requisition and purchase supplies such as insecticides, machine parts or lubricants, and tools.
  • Calculate and monitor budgets for maintenance and development of collections, grounds, and infrastructure.
  • Monitor and oversee construction projects such as horticultural buildings and irrigation systems.
  • Perform hardscape activities including installation and repair of irrigation systems, resurfacing and grading of paths, rockwork, or erosion control.


  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
  • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Education, Training, Experience

  • Education - Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  • Training - Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  • Experience - Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.


  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.

Related Careers

  • Agricultural Equipment Operators
  • Agricultural Inspectors
  • Farmers and Ranchers
  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Animal Husbandry and Animal Care Workers
  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Aquacultural Workers
  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers
  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers
  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Logging Workers
  • Nursery and Greenhouse Managers
  • Range Managers
Wages for this career
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