CareerShip Home
About CareerShip
Contact Us
Mapping Your Future
Visit the Featured Career Match My Career Interests
Review Careers by Clusters Career Search

Details for Painters, Construction and Maintenance


Paint walls, equipment, buildings, bridges, and other structural surfaces, using brushes, rollers, and spray guns. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior to painting. May mix colors or oils to obtain desired color or consistency.


  • Remove old finishes by stripping, sanding, wire brushing, burning, or using water and/or abrasive blasting.
  • Erect scaffolding and swing gates, or set up ladders, to work above ground level.
  • Waterproof buildings, using waterproofers and caulking.
  • Smooth surfaces, using sandpaper, scrapers, brushes, steel wool, and/or sanding machines.
  • Wash and treat surfaces with oil, turpentine, mildew remover, or other preparations, and sand rough spots to ensure that finishes will adhere properly.
  • Bake finishes on painted and enameled articles, using baking ovens.
  • Cut stencils, and brush and spray lettering and decorations on surfaces.
  • Select and purchase tools and finishes for surfaces to be covered, considering durability, ease of handling, methods of application, and customers' wishes.
  • Spray or brush hot plastics or pitch onto surfaces.
  • Use special finishing techniques such as sponging, ragging, layering, or faux finishing.
  • Apply paint, stain, varnish, enamel, and other finishes to equipment, buildings, bridges, and/or other structures, using brushes, spray guns, or rollers.
  • Apply primers or sealers to prepare new surfaces, such as bare wood or metal, for finish coats.
  • Calculate amounts of required materials and estimate costs, based on surface measurements and/or work orders.
  • Cover surfaces with dropcloths or masking tape and paper to protect surfaces during painting.
  • Fill cracks, holes, and joints with caulk, putty, plaster, or other fillers, using caulking guns or putty knives.
  • Mix and match colors of paint, stain, or varnish with oil and thinning and drying additives in order to obtain desired colors and consistencies.
  • Polish final coats to specified finishes.
  • Read work orders or receive instructions from supervisors or homeowners in order to determine work requirements.
  • Remove fixtures such as pictures, door knobs, lamps, and electric switch covers prior to painting.


  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Education, Training, Experience

  • Education - These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
  • Training - Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  • Experience - Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.


  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.


Related Careers

  • Brickmasons and Blockmasons
  • Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters
  • Construction Carpenters
  • Furniture Finishers
  • Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons
  • Paperhangers
  • Plasterers and Stucco Masons
  • Stonemasons
  • Tile and Marble Setters
Wages for this career
America's Career InfoNet