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Details for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers


Description

Install, service, and repair heating and air conditioning systems in residences and commercial establishments.

Tasks

  • Obtain and maintain required certifications.
  • Comply with all applicable standards, policies, and procedures, including safety procedures and the maintenance of a clean work area.
  • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
  • Test electrical circuits and components for continuity, using electrical test equipment.
  • Reassemble and test equipment following repairs.
  • Inspect and test system to verify system compliance with plans and specifications and to detect and locate malfunctions.
  • Discuss heating-cooling system malfunctions with users to isolate problems or to verify that malfunctions have been corrected.
  • Record and report all faults, deficiencies, and other unusual occurrences, as well as the time and materials expended on work orders.
  • Test pipe or tubing joints and connections for leaks, using pressure gauge or soap-and-water solution.
  • Adjust system controls to setting recommended by manufacturer to balance system, using hand tools.
  • Recommend, develop, and perform preventive and general maintenance procedures such as cleaning, power-washing and vacuuming equipment, oiling parts, and changing filters.
  • Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment according to wiring diagram, using electrician's hand tools.
  • Install auxiliary components to heating-cooling equipment, such as expansion and discharge valves, air ducts, pipes, blowers, dampers, flues and stokers, following blueprints.
  • Assist with other work in coordination with repair and maintenance teams.
  • Install, connect, and adjust thermostats, humidistats and timers, using hand tools.
  • Generate work orders that address deficiencies in need of correction.
  • Join pipes or tubing to equipment and to fuel, water, or refrigerant source, to form complete circuit.
  • Assemble, position and mount heating or cooling equipment, following blueprints.
  • Study blueprints, design specifications, and manufacturers' recommendations to ascertain the configuration of heating or cooling equipment components and to ensure the proper installation of components.
  • Cut and drill holes in floors, walls, and roof to install equipment, using power saws and drills.
  • Wrap pipes in insulation, securing it in place with cement or wire bands.
  • Measure, cut, thread, and bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
  • Fabricate, assemble and install duct work and chassis parts, using portable metal-working tools and welding equipment.

Interests

  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Education, Training, Experience

  • Education - Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  • Training - Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  • Experience - Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

Knowledge

  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

Skills

  • Installation - Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  • Equipment Maintenance - Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
  • Repairing - Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

Related Careers

  • Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door
  • Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers
  • Home Appliance Repairers
  • Locksmiths and Safe Repairers
  • Motorboat Mechanics
  • Motorcycle Mechanics
  • Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics
  • Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
Wages for this career
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