Career summary

Details for Directors- Stage, Motion Pictures, Television, and Radio


Description

Interpret script, conduct rehearsals, and direct activities of cast and technical crew for stage, motion pictures, television, or radio programs.

Tasks

  • Supervise and coordinate the work of camera, lighting, design, and sound crew members.
  • Plan details such as framing, composition, camera movement, sound, and actor movement for each shot or scene.
  • Direct live broadcasts, films and recordings, or non-broadcast programming for public entertainment or education.
  • Confer with technical directors, managers, crew members, and writers to discuss details of production, such as photography, script, music, sets, and costumes.
  • Compile cue words and phrases and cue announcers, cast members, and technicians during performances.
  • Establish pace of programs and sequences of scenes according to time requirements and cast and set accessibility.
  • Identify and approve equipment and elements required for productions, such as scenery, lights, props, costumes, choreography, and music.
  • Consult with writers, producers, or actors about script changes or "workshop" scripts, through rehearsal with writers and actors to create final drafts.
  • Select plays or scripts for production and determine how material should be interpreted and performed.
  • Study and research scripts to determine how they should be directed.
  • Communicate to actors the approach, characterization, and movement needed for each scene in such a way that rehearsals and takes are minimized.
  • Collaborate with producers to hire crew members, such as art directors, cinematographers, and costumer designers.
  • Collaborate with film and sound editors during the post-production process as films are edited and soundtracks are added.
  • Create graphics for television broadcasts.
  • Choose settings and locations for films and determine how scenes will be shot in these settings.
  • Cut and edit film or tape to integrate component parts into desired sequences.
  • Interpret stage-set diagrams to determine stage layouts and supervise placement of equipment and scenery.
  • Confer with stage managers to arrange schedules for rehearsals, costume fittings, and sound or light development.
  • Hold auditions for parts or negotiate contracts with actors determined suitable for specific roles, working in conjunction with producers.
  • Compile scripts, program notes, and other material related to productions.
  • Review film daily to check on work in progress and to plan for future filming.
  • Create and approve storyboards in conjunction with art directors.
  • Promote and market productions by giving interviews, participating in talk shows, and making other public appearances.
  • Perform producers' duties, such as securing financial backing, establishing and administering budgets, and recruiting cast and crew.
  • Introduce plays and meet with audiences after shows to explain how the play was interpreted.

Interests

  • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Education, training, experience

  • Education - Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
  • Training - Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
  • Experience - A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.

Knowledge

  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Skills

  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.

Related careers

  • Art Directors
  • Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture
  • Film and Video Editors
  • Graphic Designers
  • Producers
  • Set and Exhibit Designers
  • Talent Directors