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Details for Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants


Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. Perform duties, such as feed, bathe, dress, groom, or move patients, or change linens.


  • Turn and reposition bedridden patients, alone or with assistance, to prevent bedsores.
  • Answer patients' call signals.
  • Feed patients who are unable to feed themselves.
  • Observe patients' conditions, measuring and recording food and liquid intake and output and vital signs, and report changes to professional staff.
  • Provide patient care by supplying and emptying bed pans, applying dressings and supervising exercise routines.
  • Provide patients with help walking, exercising, and moving in and out of bed.
  • Bathe, groom, shave, dress, or drape patients to prepare them for surgery, treatment, or examination.
  • Collect specimens such as urine, feces, or sputum.
  • Prepare, serve, and collect food trays.
  • Clean rooms and change linens.
  • Transport patients to treatment units, using a wheelchair or stretcher.
  • Deliver messages, documents and specimens.
  • Answer phones and direct visitors.
  • Administer medications and treatments, such as catheterizations, suppositories, irrigations, enemas, massages, and douches, as directed by a physician or nurse.
  • Restrain patients if necessary.
  • Maintain inventory by storing, preparing, sterilizing, and issuing supplies such as dressing packs and treatment trays.
  • Explain medical instructions to patients and family members.
  • Perform clerical duties such as processing documents and scheduling appointments.
  • Work as part of a medical team that examines and treats clinic outpatients.
  • Set up equipment such as oxygen tents, portable x-ray machines, and overhead irrigation bottles.


Education, Training, Experience



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Wages for this career
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