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Details for Hazardous Materials Removal Workers


Identify, remove, pack, transport, or dispose of hazardous materials, including asbestos, lead-based paint, waste oil, fuel, transmission fluid, radioactive materials, contaminated soil, etc. Specialized training and certification in hazardous materials handling or a confined entry permit are generally required. May operate earth-moving equipment or trucks.


  • Clean contaminated equipment or areas for re-use, using detergents and solvents, sandblasters, filter pumps, and steam cleaners.
  • Load and unload materials into containers and onto trucks, using hoists or forklifts.
  • Record numbers of containers stored at disposal sites, and specify amounts and types of equipment and waste disposed.
  • Package, store, and move irradiated fuel elements in the underwater storage basin of a nuclear reactor plant, using machines and equipment.
  • Mix and pour concrete into forms to encase waste material for disposal.
  • Operate cranes to move and load baskets, casks, and canisters.
  • Operate machines and equipment to remove, package, store, or transport loads of waste materials.
  • Apply chemical compounds to lead-based paint, allow compounds to dry, then scrape the hazardous material into containers for removal and/or storage.
  • Construct scaffolding or build containment areas prior to beginning abatement or decontamination work.
  • Manipulate handgrips of mechanical arms to place irradiated fuel elements into baskets.
  • Organize and track the locations of hazardous items in landfills.
  • Drive trucks or other heavy equipment to convey contaminated waste to designated sea or ground locations.
  • Follow prescribed safety procedures, and comply with federal laws regulating waste disposal methods.
  • Identify asbestos, lead, or other hazardous materials that need to be removed, using monitoring devices.
  • Pull tram cars along underwater tracks, and position cars to receive irradiated fuel elements; then pull loaded cars to mechanisms that automatically unload elements onto underwater tables.
  • Remove asbestos and/or lead from surfaces, using hand and power tools such as scrapers, vacuums, and high-pressure sprayers.
  • Unload baskets of irradiated elements onto packaging machines that automatically insert fuel elements into canisters and secure lids.


  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Education, Training, Experience

  • Education - Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  • Training - Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  • Experience - Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  • Transportation - Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.


  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

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