Career summary

Details for Home Appliance Repairers


Description

Repair, adjust, or install all types of electric or gas household appliances, such as refrigerators, washers, dryers, and ovens.

Tasks

  • Bill customers for repair work, and collect payment.
  • Observe and examine appliances during operation to detect specific malfunctions such as loose parts or leaking fluid.
  • Talk to customers or refer to work orders to establish the nature of appliance malfunctions.
  • Refer to schematic drawings, product manuals, and troubleshooting guides to diagnose and repair problems.
  • Trace electrical circuits, following diagrams, and conduct tests with circuit testers and other equipment to locate shorts and grounds.
  • Replace worn and defective parts such as switches, bearings, transmissions, belts, gears, circuit boards, or defective wiring.
  • Provide repair cost estimates, and recommend whether appliance repair or replacement is a better choice.
  • Disassemble appliances so that problems can be diagnosed and repairs can be made.
  • Respond to emergency calls for problems such as gas leaks.
  • Service and repair domestic electrical or gas appliances, such as clothes washers, refrigerators, stoves, and dryers.
  • Reassemble units after repairs are made, making adjustments and cleaning and lubricating parts as needed.
  • Record maintenance and repair work performed on appliances.
  • Test and examine gas pipelines and equipment to locate leaks and faulty connections, and to determine the pressure and flow of gas.
  • Light and adjust pilot lights on gas stoves, and examine valves and burners for gas leakage and specified flame.
  • Instruct customers regarding operation and care of appliances, and provide information such as emergency service numbers.
  • Contact supervisors or offices to receive repair assignments.
  • Maintain stocks of parts used in on-site installation, maintenance, and repair of appliances.
  • Level refrigerators, adjust doors, and connect water lines to water pipes for ice makers and water dispensers, using hand tools.
  • Observe and test operation of appliances following installation, and make any initial installation adjustments that are necessary.
  • Set appliance thermostats, and check to ensure that they are functioning properly.
  • Install appliances such as refrigerators, washing machines, and stoves.
  • Level washing machines and connect hoses to water pipes, using hand tools.
  • Clean and reinstall parts.
  • Clean, lubricate, and touch up minor defects on newly installed or repaired appliances.
  • Conserve, recover, and recycle refrigerants used in cooling systems.
  • Install gas pipes and water lines to connect appliances to existing gas lines or plumbing.
  • Take measurements to determine if appliances will fit in installation locations, performing minor carpentry work when necessary to ensure proper installation.
  • Measure, cut, and thread pipe, and connect it to feeder lines and equipment or appliances, using rules and hand tools.
  • Assemble new or reconditioned appliances.
  • Disassemble and reinstall existing kitchen cabinets, or assemble and install prefabricated kitchen cabinets and trim in conjunction with appliance installation.
  • Hang steel supports from beams or joists to hold hoses, vents, and gas pipes in place.

Interests

  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Education, training, experience

  • Education - These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
  • Training - Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  • Experience - Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.

Knowledge

  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Skills

  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
  • Repairing - Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.

Related careers

  • Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers
  • Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers
  • Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door
  • Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers
  • Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
  • Locksmiths and Safe Repairers
  • Motorboat Mechanics
  • Motorcycle Mechanics
  • Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics
  • Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers