Details for Molding and Casting Workers
Perform a variety of duties such as mixing materials, assembling mold parts, filling molds, and stacking molds to mold and cast a wide range of products.
- Read work orders or examine parts to determine parts or sections of products to be produced.
- Trim or remove excess material, using scrapers, knives, or band saws.
- Pour, pack, spread, or press plaster, concrete, liquid plastic, or other materials into or around models or molds.
- Engrave or stamp identifying symbols, letters, or numbers on products.
- Brush or spray mold surfaces with parting agents or insert paper into molds to ensure smoothness and prevent sticking or seepage.
- Assemble, insert, and adjust wires, tubes, cores, fittings, rods, or patterns into molds, using hand tools and depth gauges.
- Clean, finish, and lubricate molds and mold parts.
- Separate models or patterns from molds and examine products for accuracy.
- Set the proper operating temperature for each casting.
- Load or stack filled molds in ovens, dryers, or curing boxes, or on storage racks or carts.
- Align and assemble parts to produce completed products, using gauges and hand tools.
- Operate and adjust controls of heating equipment to melt material or to cure, dry, or bake filled molds.
- Select sizes and types of molds according to instructions.
- Withdraw cores or other loose mold members after castings solidify.
- Patch broken edges or fractures, using clay or plaster.
- Repair mold defects, such as cracks or broken edges, using patterns, mold boxes, or hand tools.
- Measure and cut products to specified dimensions, using measuring and cutting instruments.
- Smooth surfaces of molds, using scraping tools or sandpaper.
- Measure ingredients and mix molding, casting material, or sealing compounds to prescribed consistencies, according to formulas.
- Remove excess materials and level and smooth wet mold mixtures.
- Operate molding machines that compact sand in flasks to form molds.
- Place forms around models and separately immerse each half portion of a model in plaster, wax, or other mold-making materials.
- Verify dimensions of products, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, vernier gauges, or protractors.
- Construct or form molds for use in casting metal, clay, or plaster objects, using plaster, fiberglass, rubber, casting machines, patterns, or flasks.
- Bore holes or cut grates, risers, or pouring spouts in molds, using power tools.
- Locate and scribe parting lines on patterns, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, squares, or depth gauges.
- Tap or tilt molds to ensure uniform distribution of materials.
- Melt metal pieces, using torches, and cast products, such as inlays and crowns, using centrifugal casting machines.
- Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Education, training, experience
- Education - These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
- Training - Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
- Experience - Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
- Cutters and Trimmers, Hand
- Etchers and Engravers
- Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers
- Packers and Packagers, Hand
- Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
- Printing Machine Operators
- Solderers and Brazers
- Tool and Die Makers