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Deferments

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Loans disbursed from July 1, 1987 through June 30, 1993

Direct Subsidized or Unsubsidized, Federal Stafford (subsidized or unsubsidized), Direct PLUS, Federal PLUS, SLS (Supplemental Loan for Students), Direct Consolidation, and Federal Consolidation Loans

Deferment Type Form Time Limit Direct Subsidized or Unsubsidized Stafford / Federal Stafford SLS Direct PLUS / Federal PLUS for Parents Direct Consolidation / Federal Consolidation
Post-Active Duty Post-Active Duty
A deferment for borrowers returning from active duty who were enrolled at least half time in an eligible institution prior to being called or ordered to active duty (doesn't require activation during a war, military operation, or national emergency). The active duty deferment runs concurrently with the 180-day deferment period following the demobilization date allowed under the military deferment.
MIL: English 13 months X X X X
Active Duty Armed Forces Active Duty Armed Forces Deferment
A deferment for borrowers who are active duty members of the U.S. Armed Forces. Members of the National Guard or the Reserves also may be eligible if they are serving in a full-time active duty status for a minimum of one year or in cases of a national emergency (two-week active duty for training is not considered full-time active duty status).
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 36 months X X    
Active Duty National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Corps Active Duty National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Corps Deferment
A deferment for borrowers serving on active duty for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Corps (NOAA).
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 36 months X X    
Graduate Fellowship Graduate Fellowship Deferment
A deferment for borrowers engaged in a full­time course of study in a Graduate Fellowship program. The borrower must already hold at least a bachelor´s degree. The Graduate Fellowship program must provide the borrower with sufficient financial support to study full time for at least six months. A program official must certify the borrower´s participation in the program.
GFL: English None X X X X
In-School Full Time In-School Full Time Deferment
A deferment for borrowers who are attending school full time (as defined by the school). In order to be considered eligible, a school must be an institution of higher education and be eligible to participate in Title IV financial assistance programs. A school official must certify the dates of attendance and enrollment status. (Note: The school can verify if it is an eligible institution and be able to certify enrollment.)
SCH: English, Spanish None X X X X
In-School Half Time In-School Half Time Deferment
A deferment for borrowers who are attending school half time (as defined by the school). In order to be considered eligible, a school must be an institution of higher education and be eligible to participate in Title IV financial assistance programs. A school official must certify the dates and level of attendance. (Note: The school can verify if it is an eligible institution and be able to certify enrollment.)
SCH: English, Spanish None X X X X
Internship/ Residency Internship/ Residency Deferment
A deferment for borrowers who have at least a bachelor´s degree and who are serving in an internship program that is required in order to begin professional practice or service; or a medical internship or residency program that leads to a degree or certificate awarded by a higher education institution, hospital, or a healthcare facility that offers postgraduate training.
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 24 months X X    
Military Service Military Service Deferment
A deferment for borrowers who are serving on active duty or qualifying National Guard during a war, military operation, or national emergency and during the 180-day period following the demobilization date.
MIL: English None X X X X
Parental Leave Parental Leave Deferment
A deferment for borrowers who are pregnant or caring for a newborn or newly adopted child. To be eligible, a borrower must have been enrolled at least half time in an eligible postsecondary school at some time during the six months immediately preceding the parental leave deferment. The borrower must not be attending school or working full time (at least 30 hours per week that is expected to last at least three months) during the period of deferment.
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 6 months X X    
Public Health Services Public Health Services Deferment
A deferment for borrowers serving as full-time officers in the Commissioned Corps of Public Health of the United States Public Health Service (USPHS).
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 36 months X X    
Rehabilitation Training Rehabilitation Training Deferment
A deferment for borrowers engaged in a full­time Rehabilitation Training program. The borrower must be taking part in a full­time program of vocational rehabilitation, drug or alcohol abuse treatment, mental health treatment, or a rehabilitation program through the Department of Veterans Affairs. A program official must certify participation in the program. The program must be licensed, certified, or otherwise recognized as providing rehabilitation training by a responsible state agency.
RHT: English None X X X X
Teacher Shortage Teacher Shortage Deferment
A deferment for borrowers who are teaching full time in a public or non­profit private elementary or secondary school in a teacher shortage area defined by the U.S. Department of Education as recommended by each state. A teacher shortage area is defined as a geographic region of the state in which there is a shortage of elementary or secondary teachers; or a specific grade level or an academic, instructional, subject matter, or discipline classification in which there is a shortage of elementary or secondary teachers. To determine the teacher shortage area(s) for your state, contact the state department of elementary and secondary education or the state department of higher education.
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 36 months X X    
Temporary Total Disability Temporary Total Disability Deferment
A deferment for periods when the borrower is temporarily totally disabled or unable to secure or continue employment because the borrower is caring for a dependent or spouse who is temporarily totally disabled. A borrower is considered to be temporarily totally disabled if he or she has been unable to work or earn income or attend school for at least 60 days because of time needed to recover from an injury or illness. A borrower´s dependent or spouse is considered to be temporarily totally disabled if, by reason of injury or illness, the dependent or spouse requires continuous nursing or similar services for at least 90 days.
TDIS: English, Spanish 36 months X X X X
Unemployment Unemployment Deferment
A deferment available to borrowers who are conscientiously seeking, but unable to find, full-time employment in the United States. Full-time employment is defined as at least 30 hours per week that is expected to last at least three months. The borrower must be registered with an employment agency or be receiving unemployment benefits. (Note: A borrower is not eligible for an unemployment deferment if he or she refuses to consider positions, salaries, or responsibility levels for which he or she feels overly qualified due to education or experience.)
UNEM: English, Spanish 24 months X X X X
Volunteer ACTION Program Volunteer ACTION Program Deferment
A deferment for borrowers serving as full-time, paid volunteers in a program authorized under Title I of the Domestic Volunteer Act of 1973 (ACTION programs). The borrower must have volunteered for at least one year.
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 36 months X X    
Volunteer Peace Corps Volunteer Peace Corps Deferment
A deferment for borrowers voluntarily serving full time in the Peace Corps under the Peace Corps Act. The borrower must have volunteered for at least one year.
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 36 months X X    
Volunteer Tax Exempt Organization Volunteer Tax Exempt Organization Deferment
A deferment for borrowers serving as full-time, paid volunteers with a tax-exempt organization that the U.S. Department of Education has determined to be comparable to service as a Peace Corps or ACTION volunteer. The borrower must be providing specified services to low-income persons and their communities. Also, the borrower´s compensation can not exceed the federal minimum wage. (Note: The borrower can not give religious instruction, conduct worship services, engage in religious proselytizing, or engage in fund-raising to support religious activities as part of his or her service.)
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 36 months X X    
Working Mother Working Mother Deferment
A deferment for borrowers who are mothers of preschool-age children when the mothers are entering (or re-entering) the work force. A preschool-age child is defined as one who is not yet enrolled in first grade or a higher grade in elementary school. The mother must be employed full time (at least 30 hours per week that is expected to last at least three months).
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer 12 months X X    
PLUS In-School: Full Time PLUS In-School: Full Time
A deferment for parent borrower during which the student for whom the parent obtained the PLUS loan(s) meets the conditions required for an in-school deferment.
PLUS: English None X  
PLUS In-School: Half Time PLUS In-School: Half Time
A deferment for parent borrower during which the student for whom the parent obtained the PLUS loan(s) meets the conditions required for an in-school deferment.
PLUS: English None X  
PLUS Rehabilitation Training PLUS Rehabilitation Training
A deferment for parent borrower during which the student for whom the parent obtained the PLUS loan(s) meets the conditions required for participation in a rehabilitation program.
Request in writing from loan holder/ servicer None X  

Other deferment eligibility charts:

Direct Subsidized or Unsubsidized, Federal Stafford (subsidized or unsubsidized), Direct PLUS, Federal PLUS, SLS (Supplemental Loan for Students), Direct Consolidation, and Federal Consolidation Loans:

Federal Perkins Loans: